Phonological encoding skills in persons who stutter
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Phonological encoding skills in persons who stutter

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Published .
Written in English

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Psycholinguistic theories of stuttering attribute a crucial role to a phonological encoding deficit, although controversy exists regarding the precise nature and extent of this deficit. Two experiments discussed in the present thesis tested phonological encoding skills in persons who stutter (PWS).In Experiment 1, 10 PWS and 11 persons who do not stutter (PNS) were tested in a phoneme-monitoring task performed during silent picture naming. Performance in this task was compared to a tone monitoring task, a picture naming task, and a simple motor task. PWS were significantly slower in phoneme monitoring as compared to PNS. No significant group differences were present for response speed in the auditory monitoring, picture naming and simple motor tasks, nor did the two groups differ for percent errors in any of the experimental tasks.In Experiment 2, 10 PWS and 12 PNS were tested further in the phoneme monitoring task. The phonological complexity of the target items was varied such that participants monitored either compound words or noun phrases. Performance in this task was compared to phoneme monitoring in aurally presented target words to investigate whether any differences observed in silent naming were also evident in perception. Furthermore, group performance in rhyme monitoring was investigated. Analysis of the phoneme monitoring data from silent naming indicated significant group differences in monitoring the phonologically complex noun phrases as compared to compound words; significant differences were not obtained in perception. The PWS were also significantly slower than the PNS in rhyme monitoring for both silent naming and perception.The theoretically driven approach in the present thesis offered support for a delay in phonological encoding during phoneme monitoring in PWS. In the absence of group differences in the percentage of errors in monitoring, the phonological encoding deficit is attributed to mechanism-specific as opposed to strategy-based differences. Such differences, evident in both segmental and rhyme encoding, carry implications for the timely conversion of the phonological to the phonetic code for speech execution. The findings are discussed within the context of existing psycholinguistic theories of stuttering and phonological encoding.

Edition Notes

Statementby Jayanthi Sasisekaran.
The Physical Object
Paginationxviii, 320 leaves, ill.
Number of Pages320
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19758613M
ISBN 109780494160466

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The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of phonological encoding in the silent speech of persons who stutter (PWS) and persons who do not stutter (PNS). Participants were 10 PWS (M = years, S.D. = ), matched in age, gender, and handedness with 11 PNS (M = years, S.D. = ). Each participant performed five Cited by: evidence of association between impaired phonological encoding and stuttering in children who stutters. Melnick, Conture, et al. [14] had directly assessed the phonological encoding skills in children with stuttering using priming task and they found out that the performance of both the groups namely children who stutter. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of phonological encoding in the silent speech of persons who stutter (PWS) and persons who do not stutter (PNS). Participants were 10 PWS (M= years, S.D.=), matched in age, gender, and handedness with 11 PNS (M= years, S.D.=). Each participant performed five tasks: a familiarization task, an overt picture naming task, a Cited by: This book reports recent research on mechanisms of normal formulation and control in speaking and in language disorders such as stuttering, aphasia and verbal dyspraxia. The theoretical claim is that such disorders result both from deficits in a component of the language production system and interactions between this component and the system that 'monitors' for errors and undertakes a.

Phonological encoding skills in children who stutter There are only a few studies that have directly tested phonological encoding skills in CWS. A primary limitation to designing such studies is the need to identify tasks that tap into the process of phonological encoding. Stuttering and Phonological Disorders in Children Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research 39(2) April with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Phonological and language disorders in children who stutter: impact on treatment recommendations MARILYN A. NIPPOLD University of Oregon (Received 27 June ; accepted 8 December ) Abstract In the profession of speech-language pathology, it is commonly reported that children who stutter, as a group, are more likely to have phonological and. phonological encoding as a core cause of stuttering In that hypothesis, central planning, the speaker attempts to correct errors before they are uttered. One of its assumptions is that phonological encoding is slower in people who stutter than in normally fluent speakers.

Among the linguistic factors identified, there are significant data to suggest a relationship between phonology and stuttering. Phonological encoding differences have been demonstrated in. Nonword repetition appears to be problematic for children who stutter. The chapter examines the evidence for stuttering being associated with difficulties with phonological encoding, and the ramifications for the development of the Covert Repair Hypothesis (CRH), which argues that stuttering is related to an unstable phonological system.   The Common Phonological Processes of People Who Stutter. If your child stutters, it’s possible that they developed it through continued and uncorrected speech patterns promoted by their reliance on phonological processes. Here are the most common phonological processes of people who stutter. in phonological encoding exist. Differences in core mechanisms of phonological processing may reveal subtle linguistic differences that may contribute to an unstable speech system in people who stutter.